You might have to skip that extra beer or third glass of wine, at least if you’re planning to then get behind the wheel of a car. A new government report recommends states significantly lower the level of alcohol in the blood that would be considered driving under the influence of alcohol.
In recent decades, a crackdown on drunk driving has had a significant impact, but an estimated 10,000 people a year still die in alcohol-related accidents and the figure has begun creeping back up, warned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. The worst part, a panel added, is that those deaths are “entirely preventable.”
In the U.S., all states now count a blood alcohol level of 0.08% as driving under the influence. By comparison, the figure has dropped to 0.05% in much of Europe and as little as 0.02% in Norway and Sweden. The National Academies panel wants to see all U.S. states drop to 0.05%, the same figure went into effect in Utah Dec. 30.
The 489-report also calls for a number of other steps that could reduce alcohol consumption, more broadly, including higher alcohol taxes and shorter hours for bars, restaurants and liquor stores. And it calls for an even tougher crackdown on binge drinkers and drinking by those under the legal age of 21.
(Rural America less likely to buckle up; more likely to die in crash. Click Here for the story.)
“We know that impairment to drive a car actually starts far lower than 0.08. It starts at 0.02 or 0.03,” said Dr. Timothy Naimi, of the Boston Medical Center. “And there’s also good evidence to show that dropping from 0.08 to 0.05 saves lives.”
The more alcohol a person consumers not only are reflexes and other driving skills impacted, said Dr. Naimi, but also is the idea of being able to drive in the first place.”
Proponents of autonomous vehicles say they will ultimately be able to prevent drunk driving crashes. But that could take years to have any significant impact. The first fully hands-free vehicles aren’t expected to go into service for at least several years, and it could take decades until they replace conventional automobiles entirely.
The new government study says that efforts to crack down on drunk driving had a significant effect between the 1980s and early in the new millennium. But things like random checkpoints and targeting of illegal sales to minors have apparently reached a limit and, if anything, DUI and DWI incidents have been on the rise again.
(Click Here for detail about how driver assistance tech saves lives.)
While there has been a growing awareness of distracted driving, linked by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to as much as 11% of highway fatalities,” alcohol-impaired driving remains the deadliest and costliest danger on U.S. roads,” accounting for 28% of traffic deaths – or about 29 fatalities every day.
A disproportionate share of those deaths, about 48%, according to the latest NHTSA data, occurred in rural areas.
The study noted that it can be difficult for people to understand how much they have had to drink, especially when choosing mixed drinks or combining alcohol with the high levels of caffeine in energy drinks – a combination popular with young drinkers.
The new report by the National Academies echoes a recommendation by the National Transportation Safety Board to set a maximum 0.05% blood-alcohol level. How fast a person would reach that threshold varies according to several factors, including gender and weight. It says a woman weighing 120 pounds, or a man at 160 pounds, would get there after just two drinks, while a man of 180 pounds would be able to consume no more than three drinks. The consumption of food would help lower blood-alcohol levels, as would spreading out those drinks over several hours.
There has been some pushback from trade groups that could be affected by a reduction in the impaired driving threshold.
(To see more about how traffic fatalities fell slightly in the first half of 2017, Click Here.)
The latest recommendations would “do nothing to deter” repeat offenders, said a statement from the Distilled Spirits Council which also said proposed tax increases and advertising bans would “have little or no impact on traffic safety.”