For the third consecutive month, U.S. motorists are driving less, but dying more often, according to early estimates from the National Safety Council.
The NSC revealed that with May’s data accounted for from all 50 states, despite the fact that most of the country was in some form of lockdown, the fatality rate per miles driven rose again. The organization revealed that the number of miles traveled by drivers fell 25.5% compared with May 2019.
However, the death rate was up 23.5% during the same period a year ago. The increased rate comes in spite of an estimated 8% drop in the number of deaths for May compared to the prior year. Overall, the mileage death rate per 100 million vehicle miles driven was 1.47 in May compared to 1.19 in 2019.
“As motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of workplace fatalities, transportation safety should be integral to every organization,” said Lorraine M. Martin, president and CEO of the National Safety Council.
“An employer’s reopening strategy is an opportunity to emphasize and reiterate the need for safe streets, as well as safe workplace transportation. Employers can make a real difference in improving safety on our roadways, helping to protect their employees, as well as other road users.”
The trend is stunning given the lack of traffic on the roads, comparatively speaking. The U.S. had seen steady declines in fatalities in recent years, after a three-year rise – 2015 to 2017 – in deaths. This came despite vehicles that are safer than ever.
The jump being tied to one thing: drivers are willing to engage in riskier behavior due to the lighter traffic volumes.
“… while claims and miles driven are decreasing, one thing has increased – drivers’ appetite for risk. During COVID-19, risk homeostasis is in full force,” the Certified Collateral Corp. (CCC) revealed in a recent report about driving behaviors.
“People often maintain an equilibrium of risk. When perceived risk decreases or increases, behavior adjusts in the counter direction to maintain an equilibrium rather than accepting the new level of risk. In the case of COVID-19, rather than experiencing the safety benefits of an open road,
drivers increased speed, were more distracted and braked harder,” the report noted.
Speeding during COVID-19 increased 27%, including in metro areas. For example, the average interstate speed in Los Angeles more than doubled from 19 mph to 68 mph on I-405. Meanwhile I-290 in Chicago, the average speed jumped from 24 mph to 62 mph.
Risky and distracted driving has also increased. According to ZenDrive, hard braking is up 25% and phone usage is up 38% among drivers. This equates to a 20% increase in crash frequency per mile driven during COVID-19, despite an overall decline in the number of crashes.
With many vehicles now traveling at faster speeds, those that are getting in accidents are seeing greater damage, to both the vehicle and its occupants. This all happening at a time when, the NSC believes the country should be reaping a safety benefit from less traffic.
Through the first five months of 2020, the six states experienced notable increases in the number of roadway deaths: New Hampshire (63%), Connecticut (39%), Louisiana (15%), Missouri (12%), Arkansas (10%) and North Carolina (6%).
Additionally, nine states with notable decreases were: Tennessee (-58%), Wyoming (-52%), Mississippi (-21%), Maryland (-18%), Michigan (-13%), South Carolina (-13%), Pennsylvania (-13%), Arizona (-10%) and Florida (-4%).
Follow state and local directives and stay off the roads if officials have directed you do to so. During shelter-in-place and stay-at-home periods, many states asked drivers to stay off the roads except in emergency situations or for essential errands.