Just a week after announcing a major investment in an autonomous vehicle development company, online retailer Amazon said Friday it will become the lead investor in a new, $700 million round of financing for Rivian, the Detroit-based battery-electric company.
Rivian is in the final stages of developing two all-electric models, the full-size R1T pickup and R1S sport-utility vehicle. It is aiming to challenge not only electric vehicle rival Tesla but the established Detroit automakers that have long dominated the full-size pickup market.
Rumors of a deal between Amazon and Rivian began to circulate earlier this week, though some reports had suggested that General Motors would also come up with some financing. Sources tell TheDetroitBureau.com that this remains a possibility and suggest that Rivian could have more announcements coming. The automaker has scheduled a news conference for the New York International Auto Show in mid-April.
“This investment is an important milestone for Rivian and the shift to sustainable mobility,” RJ Scaringe, Rivian’s founder and CEO said in a statement, adding that, “we are excited to have Amazon with us on our journey to create products, technology and experiences that reset expectations of what is possible.”
(EV truck maker Rivian reportedly in talks with Amazon, GM. Click Here for the story.)
Rivian created quite a buzz when it revealed the R1T and R1S at the Los Angeles Auto Show last November – well ahead of Tesla which is expected to unveil its own all-electric pickup later this year.
The two trucks share the same “architecture” and, at least initially, will feature 180 kilowatt-hour battery packs, almost twice the size of the largest pack currently offered by Tesla. That will be more than enough to deliver a range of 400 miles under optimal conditions, according to Rivian CEO RJ Scaringe. Performance will rival a Tesla Model X SUV with Ludicrous Mode, Scaringe claiming the two trucks will hit 60 in 3 seconds and 100 in less than 7 seconds, with a top speed of 125 mph. They will, meanwhile, be able to tow up to 11,000 pounds.
But it’s not just Tesla that has to worry about the potential for new competition in the battery-electric vehicle, or BEV, space. It “could be a serious problem for the Detroit” automakers as well, Morgan Stanley’s auto analyst Adam Jonas told CNBC earlier this week. Americans bought 2.7 million full-size pickups in 2018, including light, medium and heavy-duty models. Detroit’s Big Three, GM, Ford and Fiat Chrysler, produced more than 90% of them.
How consumers might respond to the planned Rivian and Tesla all-electric pickups is far from certain, nonetheless. Across all vehicle segments, plug-based models – which include plug-in hybrids, as well as BEVs – generated a little more than 2% of U.S. new vehicle demand in 2018, but the segment has begun to grow rapidly and is expected to pick up pace as more products start to reach showrooms between now and 2025.
“The $700 million funding round, led by Amazon but including others, demonstrates investor and industry confidence in Rivian’s model and the initial products shown,” said Stephanie Brinley, principle analyst with IHS Markit.
(Click Here for details about Rivian’s two long-range EVs shown in Los Angeles.)
A statement issued by Rivian did not indicate who any other investors might be in the new, $700 million round of funding, nor did it break out Amazon’s own investment. The move comes as something of a surprise – but perhaps less than it might have been just months ago. Only last week, the online retailer teamed up with venture capital firm Sequioa, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Shell Ventures and others, to take a stake in Silicon Valley start-up Aurora. That company is developing autonomous vehicle technology.
Amazon has not outlined its strategy but it becomes the latest tech giant to pump money into what has become known as the “new mobility” sector. Alphabet, the parent of Google, recently launched the world’s first autonomous ride-sharing service, Waymo One, in the Phoenix area and is expected to roll that out to 20 more cities in the next few years.
Amazon does have an interest in transportation and has been looking for ways to change up its delivery methods which currently rely on traditional partners such as the USPS and UPS. But how Rivian might play into that is uncertain.
“We’re inspired by Rivian’s vision for the future of electric transportation,” Jeff Wilke, Amazon CEO Worldwide Consumer, said in its own statement. “RJ has built an impressive organization, with a product portfolio and technology to match. We’re thrilled to invest in such an innovative company.”
It is possible that Rivian might be tapped to provide all-electric drivetrain technology that could be incorporated into still other types of products, perhaps an autonomous light commercial vehicle that would also use technology from Aurora, one source suggested.
(To see more about Rivian’s long-range electric pickup, Click Here.)
What future announcement Rivian is working up is not certain, but it could cover both additional funding as well as manufacturing. The company recently purchased the old Mitsubishi assembly plant in Normal, Illinois, but is thought to need but financial and technical help before it can actually start rolling vehicles out of the plant.