The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration unveiled a prototype system for cars that can detect if the driver’s blood-alcohol concentration level is beyond the legal limit and prevent the vehicle from starting.
In partnership with several automakers, the safety agency, also known as NHTSA, is developing the Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS), which is a noninvasive system aimed at detecting when a driver is above the legal alcohol limit. The technology has been in development since 2008.
While it is often in the headlines for its role in automotive recalls, NHTSA is responsible for the overall safety of U.S. roadways and projects like this are part of its mission, according to officials. The agency unveiled the prototype in Washington D.C. yesterday and it is exploring two ways to check the driver’s BAC level: a breath-based system and a touch-based system.
The breath test performs an instantaneous and contact-free measurement of alcohol in the driver’s exhaled breath. While the touch system measures blood alcohol levels under the skin’s surface by shining an infrared-light through the fingertip. The test is completed in less than one second.
“There is still a great deal of work to do, but support from Congress and the industry has helped us achieve key research and development milestones,” said Mark Rosekind, NHTSA administrator. “DADSS has enormous potential to prevent drunk driving in specific populations such as teen drivers and commercial fleets, and making it an option available to vehicle owners would provide a powerful new tool in the battle against drunk driving deaths.”
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While getting help from automakers and endorsements from many organizations, the system does have its detractors, including the American Beverage Institute. The organization notes that BAC rises over time so someone who has five or six drinks in less than an hour will often be able to start their car.
“The recommendation that all cars should come pre-installed with alcohol detection technology is misguided, and its eye-popping life-saving potential is based on a series of assumptions that are far from reality,” the group said.
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They note that even under the best of circumstances, there are likely to be thousands of malfunctions leaving drivers stuck in parking lot somewhere, potentially for hours. On top of that, these systems may cost as much as $400.
According to the agency, the DADSS Alcohol Detection System will:
- detect when a driver is intoxicated with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at or above 0.08 — the legal limit in all 50 states — and prevent a car from moving.
- be made available as a safety option in new vehicles, much like automatic braking, lane departure warnings, and other advanced vehicle technologies.
- be quick, accurate, reliable, and affordable.
- be seamlessly integrated into vehicles and not affect normal driving behavior.
- have customized features to give parents a new level of security and additional peace of mind knowing that if their children have been drinking, they won’t be able to drive.
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The system could also be programmed to a zero-tolerance level for drivers under 21 years of age. Ideally, the system would be added to cars much the same way other safety equipment, like airbags, anti-lock brakes and electronic stability control. Rosekind predicted that Americans would wonder why vehicles weren’t equipped with the technology sooner.