After years of little growth, the fuel economy of the typical new car sold in the U.S. is now rising rapidly, according to a new study that found that new vehicles are getting an average 14% better mileage than just four years ago.
For all 2012 light-duty vehicles. including cars, pickup trucks, minivans, vans and SUVs, the average miles per gallon is 21.5, compared to 18.9 mpg for model year 2008 vehicles, according to a new study by the University of Michigan. The averages were 21.2 for 2011, 20.7 for 2010 and 19 for 2009, the study said.
That figure is an average of all the vehicles on the road but when weighted to reflect actual market demand, the shift away from large, gas-guzzling trucks to smaller, more efficient passenger cars and crossover, the shift is even more obvious, raising the average by another one to two miles per gallon.
The typical car sold in 2011 got 22.5 mpg, up from 20.8 mpg as recently as 2008.
“This implies that consumers tend to choose vehicle models with better fuel economy than the average of all vehicles available,” said Brandon Schoettle of the University of Michigan’s Transportation Research Institute, or UMTRI. “The recent economic downturn, coupled with rising gas prices, has led to an increased interest in purchasing more fuel-efficient vehicles,” he added.
Using data from the EPA, Schoettle and UMTRI colleague Michael Sivak also examined fuel economy changes by vehicle characteristics: cars vs. light trucks, vehicle class size, transmission type, number of engine cylinders, drive type, fuel type and hybrid vs. conventional vehicles.
The U-M researchers found that fuel economy Improved 2.8 mpg for cars including station wagons, and 1.6 mpg for light trucks, including pickups, minivans, vans and sport utility vehicles from model year 2008 to model year 2012. Average fuel economy is currently 23.4 mpg for cars and 18.6 mpg for light trucks.
Fuel economy improved for all 12 vehicle-size classes between the 2008 and 2012 model years. The largest increases were:
- An average 4.1 mpg for station wagons, which had the highest average 2012 rating of 26 mpg; and
- A 3.8 mpg increase for compact cars, which had the second-highest average of 25.6 mpg.
The smallest increases were 0.2 mpg for full-size vans, which had the lowest average 2012 rating of 13.4 mpg, and 0.4 mpg for small pickup trucks, which had the third-lowest average of 18.6 mpg.
It also increased 2.5 mpg for vehicles with automatic transmissions and 2.8 mpg for vehicles with manual transmissions; 2.3 mpg for four-cylinder engines and 1.4 mpg for six-cylinder engines and 3.4 mpg for front-wheel drive vehicles and 2 mpg for four- or all-wheel drive vehicles from model year 2008 to model year 2012.
Fuel economy also jumped a sizable 9.8 mpg for diesel engines and 2.6 mpg for conventional gasoline engines,
Ironically, during the study found one anomaly in the trend towards better fuel economy. Mileage actually dropped 3 mpg for hybrids – though they are still more fuel-efficient overall than internal-combustion-only vehicles, according to the U-M study.